Monday, December 14, 2009

Ubuntu boot without external monitor

I could not boot my laptop without external monitor connected to D-Sub interface.

After choosing OS in grub the screen became black but nothing else happened, no harddisk activity. It seemed there was problem with splash screen initialization. I wanted to turn it off but it was impossible to even boot to rescue mode.

Final solution was done in two steps
Change the boot loader settings.
Store boot settings permanently after successfull boot.

Change your boot loader settings
If you are using grub choose your operating system and press "e" for editing. Then find line beginning with "kernel" or "linux", press "end" and delete options "quiet splash". Press Ctrl+x. Your system should boot correctly without graphical splash screen.

Save your settings permanently
For smooth start you should save your settings to grub configuration. Open file /boot/grub/menu.lst or /etc/default/grub AND /etc/grub/grub.cfg - depending on your grub version and disable splash screen:

For grub version 1 open /etc/grub/menu.lst and delete all words "splash"

For grub version 2 open /etc/grub/grub.cfg and delete option "splash" from option GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX_DEFAULT. Then open /etc/grub/grub.cfg and delete word "splash" from your boot profile.


Debian Ubuntu missing menu.lst

On latest ubuntu I could not find my grub configuration file. I was looking for it in standard path /boot/grub/menu.lst but it was not in the file system at all.

First I thought it was mount-related problem but the answer is much easier.

Grub version 2 does not have menu.lst. It uses much more beautiful /boot/grub/grub.cfg stored in the same path. This file is on my Ubuntu auto generated from templates stored in /etc/grub.d and settings from /etc/default/grub therefore it shoultn't be edited directly because these changes will be overwriten next time.

Wednesday, December 09, 2009

Favourite Firefox addons

Favourite Firefox addons for users and developers

adblock plus
customize google
dom inspector
switch proxy tool
tamper data
ubuntu addons (default in Ubuntu)
web developer

You can browse all addons at Firefox Addons web site